Lower Secondary Science

In 2013, the Curriculum Planning & Development Division (CPDD) of the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Singapore published a new lower secondary science syllabus. In comparison to the previous syllabus, published in 2008, the new syllabus has been modified to free up 15% of curriculum time for school teachers to engage students in innovative ‘learning approaches’. In line with the MOE’s change in teaching methodology, Secondary 1 and 2 science tuition classes at Penciltutor have also been modified to include multimedia and science practical classes. Lower secondary students often have problems expressing their thoughts in words and in science examinations they experience difficulties writing their answers within the space provided.

Besides helping these students write meaningful answers, we also remind our Secondary 1 and 2 students not to find a pattern in the answers to multiple choice questions (MCQs). Very often these students have a misconception that the same letter cannot be the correct answer to several questions in a row. Most lower secondary science students also lose marks when asked to plot a graph. Instead of drawing a graph of best-fit through the points, they draw a graph which forcefully connects all the points. Helping our students identify the ‘stem of a question’ is another technique that we teach at Penciltutor’s Secondary 1 and 2 science tuition classes.